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There are many stories of people that have suffered from hair loss. Some tell them like an anecdote, since they managed to recover and get their hair back. For others, it wasn’t that simple, and their hair loss was permanent.

Many times, not looking for a solution when there is still time, worsens the situation and prevents the stop of hair loss when there is still something to do about it. Because of this, it is important knowing the causes of baldness and putting special care in avoiding them.

How to control and what is hair loss

Hair loss in a great amount is named alopecia or baldness. There are different types of alopecia. In most cases, it can be stopped and hair can be recovered.

What is hair loss

Like we have already stated, it is the abundant loss of hair that we call alopecia. In general, a person loses between 100 and 150 strands of hair. When the loss gets bigger than that, it’s time to start worrying and find a solution.

Losing more hair than usual may mean there is a cause that starts generating baldness. This must be stopped while there is time, it is advisable that you check your habits and improve your nutrition.

You must also stop the use of straighteners, hair dryers, hair dyes and perms. Also, start using products suited for your hair type. If even with this cares your hair keeps falling out, then you should go to speciallist.

Types of alopecia

We can talk about 5 kinds of alopecia. These we will discuss next:

Pattern hair loss

It is the most common type of alopecia, out of all the people that suffer from baldness or hair loss, at least 90% suffer from this type of alopecia. It is more common in men than in women, and even if it can appear at an early age, in general it begins after 30 years.

The hair gets thinner, until it falls out and does not grow back again. In men, it begins falling at the crown and entrances around the temples.

Telogen effluvium

It is a type of permanent alopecia. The hair falls in a widespread progressive way. Just like the case before, it gets thinner until it falls out and never regenerates.

Being a permanent type of hair loss, the solution is doing a hair transplant.

Alopecia Areata

It is, in general, a type of hereditary baldness. It can also appear due to stress or lack of minerals in a diet. Roughly 2% of the population starting from 20 years old can suffer at any time this kind of hair loss.

The hair is lost in areas, and can affect any part of the body. The zone the hair has fallen out remains healthy. With treatment, the problem can be overcomed and the hair can be recovered. In general, with the correct treatment, hair can be recovered.

Cicatricial Alopecia

In this type of alopecia, some disease, bacteria of fungus destroys the hair follicles. The tissue of the affected area is replaced with scarring tissue. It is a type of permanent alopecia. The affected areas appear red and scaly. The solution in this case is hair transplant.

Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia

This kind of alopecia affects women, specially the ones in the menopause stage. It is a slow balding. The hair gets weaker and begins to fall in the frontal and side parts of the head. It’s advisable to do any kind of treatment that strengthens the hair. Sometimes the solution is a hair transplant.

Most common causes of alopecia

There are different causes that generate the different types of alopecia. Let’s talk about the most common:

  1. Inheritance: The genetic part plays a big role in the loss of hair. Is it called pattern hair loss or androgenic alopecia. It can appear do to hereditary or hormonal factors. When it affects any part of the hair it is called universal alopecia. When it affects specific ares it is called alopecia areata.
  2. Excess of masculine hormones: In this case it can be either feminine alopecia or masculine alopecia. It is due to a high level of masculine hormones in the body. In men, the hair begins falling out in the frontal part of the head and the crown. In women, patches appear in the center of the head.
  3. Stress: Stress causes the loss of hair. During moments of anxiety, the hair stops the growing stage. It goes from the first phase of hair growth to the final phase of hair loss, not regenerating. An infection in the area can also result in temporaty hair loss.
  4. Bad nutrition: An inadequate diet does not contribute the necessary vitamins, minerals and nutrients for the body. In the long run, this ends up debilitating the scalp and causing hair loss.
  5. Diseases: In diseases such as Lupus, the connective tissue that surround the hair follicles is affected. This generates an abundant loss of hair.
  6. Prescription drugs: Some medicines used to treat other illnesses can lead to hair loss. This is the case of the medicines used for chemotherapies.

How to prevent hair loss

  • Avoid smoking: Tobacco prevents the oxygenation of the hair strand and stops the follicle growth.
  • Say no to stress: Using relaxation techniques or leading a calmer life.
  • Good nutrition: Make sure you eat the necessary nutrients. Iodine, iron and vitamin B are essential for strengthening the hair.
  • Brushing: Brush your hair 2 times a day.
  • Massages: Activate the microcirculation applying a gentle massage from the nape of the head all the way to the forehead.
  • Treatments: Use products that strengthen your hair. In the case of hair loss, try with techniques such as ozone therapy or laser to activate the blood flow.

Many of the causes of hair loss can be prevented. Since you know them, now you just need to apply the necessary cares to have healthy hair and avoid or stop alopecia.

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