The skin covering the head is known as the scalp. One may experience pain from time to time in the scalp, especially when moving the hair. This is known as scalp pain and may be very discomforting.
Scalp pain occurs due to an injury to the head, severe headache, or skin conditions (severe acne, dermatitis, skin cancers). Injury to the head may result from a traumatic event and includes brain injury, fracture, or concussion (mild or severe). Generally, the whole head is in pain, especially where a headache causes it.
Also, there are different headaches, including a sinus and tension headache, migraine, and occipital neuralgia. Headaches cause scalp pain due to muscular tension, nerve pain, and vascular bumps. Apart from the causes highlighted above, an infection may also be caused that irritates the skin.
All these are issues that you want answers to. As such, in this post, we will address scalp pain and tell you about its solution.
Causes of Scalp Pain
Scalp pain is associated with itching, tingling, aching, and burning. Majorly, scalp pain is felt from headaches, injury to the upper part of the body, traumatic event, and infection.
Scalp pain is caused by injury, especially to the neck, head, skull, brain, and scalp.
There are different types of headaches which are migraine, occipital neuralgia, cervicogenic headache, tension headache.
Migraine is a feeling of serious throbbing pain or sensation from the pulse on one side of the head. It often comes with nausea, vomiting, light sensitivity, and sound. It may reoccur for several days with relief at intervals. Over-the-counter products may serve as pain relievers.
Occipital Neuralgia involves inflammation of the scalp nerves. It causes severe headaches in throbbing or piercing pain and is often associated with muscle tightness, head injury, and pinched nerves.
It is a non-throbbing pain that often occurs in the skull base in the head and sometimes causes pain in the forehead or back of the brow. It affects the neck and shoulders.
It is the typical type of headache. It feels like the head is tightened and causes pain in the brow, neck, head, and eyes. It may be mild or chronic and, often episodic.
A traumatic experience may lead to concussion, head injury, laceration, contusion, bites, fracture, or sting.
Other causes include:
- Brain tumor
- Carcinoma (basal cell or squamous cell)
- Lice in the head
- Bone infection
- Abnormal bone tissue
- Inflammation of the scalp and head
Often, most people attribute the pain to the hair because of the feeling it leaves while combing or pulling the hair.
Scalp pain comes from several factors ranging from headache to trauma to concussion, and therefore, the symptoms differ depending on these factors. The symptoms of each factor are
Scalp Pain from Headache
- Nausea that may or may not cause you to throw up.
- Pain in the neck
- Light sensitivity
- Scalp tenderness
- Pain around the head
- Sensory changes
Scalp Pain Resulting from A Trauma
- Head laceration
- Bruising or swelling
- Blurred Vision
- Struggle with memory
- Stiff neck
Other symptoms include:
- Joints pain
- Skin sore
- Red marks
- Impaired balance
- Paresthesia in case of a head injury
- Fluid coming out of the nose, mouth, and ears.
You should note that these symptoms may be mild or serious. If they are life-threatening, it is best to go to the hospital.
The solution largely depends on the cause of the pain. Most times, you require the help of a dermatologist to get an accurate diagnosis. For a correct diagnosis, the doctor will ask you questions such as when you first observe the pain, how you feel (symptoms), and the medication or products you have used.
When an allergy causes it to hair products, the best is to stop usage and give the hair a break. Instead, wash hair with cool water only. Avoid using essential oil as a conditioner until the reaction has passed.
For Psoriasis or Eczema
Avoid using a hard brush when your hair is dry, and your scalp is flaking you or peeling.
For headaches, pain relievers are great solutions and can be gotten over the counter. They include Panadol, aspirin, ibuprofen, etc. If it persists, you should see a doctor.
It is an inflammation of the hair follicle. You can cure it through various means. Folliculitis can be cured by medications with antimicrobial properties, such as light and laser therapy, compression, and over-the-counter products.
Home Remedies to Scalp Pain
Apart from medications and therapies, there are home remedies that have proven effective in soothing scalp pain and are the solution for mild pains. They include:
Lemon has been proven effective for many conditions because of its anti-inflammatory properties, including scalp pains and tenderness. It is acidic and can therefore maintain the pH balance of your scalp.
- Squeeze out the juice from fresh lemons
- Remove the seeds
- Add few drops to your shampoo or conditioner
- Put in your hair for some minutes
- Rinse off
Aloe Vera is one natural element that is great for soothing the scalp and reducing redness or soreness. It generally minimizes the pain.
- Get fresh aloe vera leaf
- Open it and extract the gel
- Apply directly to the affected scalp
- Wait for at least thirty minutes
- Rinse out with cool water only.
Oatmeal contains a certain amount of lipids and water absorbers and, therefore, can keep the scalp hydrated. It is especially great for flaking.
- Dilute in water and apply directly to the scalp.
- Leave it for few minutes
- Rinse with clean water.
Moreover, prevention is better than cure. Hence, you ought to be careful of the products you get and be gentle with brushing your hair. Also, avoid tight braiding and healthy hair.
You should treat the hair like the skin. Thus, it is advisable to stick to your hair care routine and be selective with the products you use. Finally, you should report persistent scalp pain to a dermatologist. Complications may occur and are dependent on the cause of the pain, which include blindness, damage to the brain, chronic headache, paralysis, disability, risk, cancer development, and infection growth. So, ensure you see the dermatologist.